Idea: GenServers with Map-based state

By on in Development, Elixir

I recently gave a talk at Empex LA in which I talked about my desire to see simplifications and enhancements to using some of the OTP behaviors offered in Elixir. In this post I’m going to explore a simple improvement to the GenServer API that would make it a little easier to work with.

GenServers are processes that have state that can be transformed when the GenServer receives a message. This state is represented in a single value that is passed into the handle_call or handle_cast function.

This is easy to manage if your GenServer only needs to manage a single piece of information. But as soon as you find that your GenServer needs multiple pieces of information in state, you need to substantially refactor it.

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Pairing Retro

By on in Development, Process

Back at my first job in tech, we paired 95% of the time. Many people were new to pairing. As it was my first job, I was relatively one of the more junior people on the team, which is an especially difficult position to be in for pairing. It was an incredibly intense experience for the whole team with many growing pains. There was a lot to navigate and no set-aside time or structure to do that, so I started having “pairing retros” with my teammates. It made pairing a lot more manageable and I started having better experiences with my pairs. It’s now something I’ve continued to do throughout my career.

The concept is fairly simple. Set aside a time when you’re not pairing, to talk about pairing.

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Problematic Terminology in Open-Source

By on in Database, Development, Open Source

It remains a common practice in database systems today to refer to configurations where one database is a source of truth, and another database is a replica that follows the state of the source of truth database as a “master/slave” configuration.

Use of this term is problematic. It references slavery to convey meaning about the relationship between two entities. The term “slave” is used because one system is controlling the state of the other system.

Using these terms like this is cavalier. It downplays slavery and the massive human suffering it causes. By having an everyday use for the term “slave” we normalize the concept of having things called “slaves” and it desensitizes us to the seriousness of slavery. More importantly, the casual use of the term may be an unwelcome daily presence in the life of a person of color, for whom slavery has great personal significance. Continue reading …


A Proposal: Elixir-Style Modules in JavaScript

By on in Development, Elixir, JavaScript

Moving your code towards a more functional style can have a lot of benefits – it can be easier to reason about, easier to test, more declarative, and more. One thing that sometimes comes out worse in the move to FP, though, is organization. By comparison, Object Oriented Programming classes are a pretty useful unit of organization – methods have to be in the same class as the data they work on, so your code is pushed towards being organized in pretty logical ways.

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Safely Migrating from Paperclip to Active Storage

By on in Development, Rails

Active Storage was introduced into Rails version 5.2. It is a highly anticipated addition to handle integrations with asset management such as AWS S3. For a long time, the field has been dominated by outside gems, including Paperclip, which has been around longer than many people have been Rails developers. Now that Active Storage has been released, Paperclip is being deprecated, creating even more incentive to migrate if you weren’t already considering it.

I recently performed the migration from Paperclip to Active Storage on production. It felt a bit like transferring trains without stopping at a station. You’re setting up Active Storage, replacing the code, and performing a data migration that relies on the code you’re refactoring out from under you. Continue reading …


Lightweight dependency injection in Elixir (without the tears)

By on in Development, Elixir

In our last Elixir blog post, “Functional Mocks with Mox in Elixir”, we discussed how testing across module boundaries could be made easier by creating a Behaviour for a collaborating module, then utilizing the wonderful framework Mox to substitute a lightweight mock module in tests.

This approach is well and good when you have very concrete module boundaries that are well-defined and coarse enough to warrant the ceremony of wiring up a behavior for a module boundary. But what if we aren’t necessarily interested in all the work in creating a mock, and we need something simpler and more lightweight?

Join us as we discuss some alternative ways to write lightweight tests across function or module boundaries.

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Comparing Dynamic Supervision Strategies in Elixir 1.5 and 1.6

By on in Development, Elixir

Classroom

Let’s say you’re managing complex process state in your Elixir application and you need a way to spin up and down new processes as your app runs. This requirement is known as dynamic supervision, the ability for a supervisor to add processes to its supervision tree at runtime.

This post will explain how to implement a process under dynamic supervision with Elixir 1.5, and discuss how Elixir 1.6’s new DynamicSupervisor is easier to configure and is more flexible.

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An Introduction to ADTs and Structural Pattern Matching in TypeScript

By on in Development

Preface

To quote Rúnar Bjarnason:

One of the great features of modern programming languages is structural pattern matching on algebraic data types. Once you’ve used this feature, you don’t ever want to program without it. You will find this in languages like Haskell and Scala.

I couldn’t agree more myself. That said, I spend most of my time writing programs with languages that don’t have first-class support for algebraic data types (ADTs). So what’s a programmer to do? Continue reading …